Emotional Availability

EA® Brief:  A Single Session of Parent Feedback and Coaching (with some provision of information about EA, attachment, and mindfulness)

The “EA Brief” is done in a group format of no more than 6-10 parents at one time (for the informational component on mindfulness, attachment, and emotional availability, also using ‘role model videos’ for teaching), although it can be used individually as well.  Then, a one-on-one EA feedback/coaching session is scheduled.  The reason there is EA feedback and coaching, rather than only EA feedback is that it is lovely to be able to provide clear EA feedback (in a time-stamped way about a video) and then empower the parent that they can take their interactional style to a higher level.  This one-on-one format can be done in person or virtually via Zoom.

Videofeedback is a critical ingredient for change in attachment-based prevention/intervention work.  What is unique about this single session of videofeedback is that the time stamps of a prior 20-min video are used to highlight specific aspects of EA (e.g., sensitivity, structuring…..) so that the parent can actually “see” the ingredients of EA and get to see themselves with your input. Parents begin to learn about the language of EA and use it to guide their interactions through time.  What is also unique is that we have used this method with mothers/fathers with infants as well as much older children (0-17 years).  This is in the spirit of EA being a life-span system.  It is a strengths-based approach where positive aspects are highlighted, but it is also unique in highlighting areas for growth.  Professionals are using the system internationally.  Please ‘contact us’ for more information and/or copies of the publications below.


McDonnell, M., Closson, L., Morse, B., Saunders, H., Sarche, M. & Biringen, Z. (Under review).  The “EA Brief”: An intervention to improve emotional attachment and emotional availability (EA).  Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 

Biringen, Z. & Easterbrooks, A.N. (2008).  Child care and relationshipsJournal of Early Childhood and Infant Psychology, Vol. 4.

Biringen, Z., Moorlag, A., Meyer, B., Wood, J., Aberle, J., Altenhofen, S., & Bennett, S. (2008).  The emotional availability (EA) intervention with child care professionalsJournal of Early Childhood and Infant Psychology, 4, 39-52.

Biringen, Z., Altenhofen, S., Aberle, J., Baker, M., Brosal, A., Bennett, S., Coker, E.,  Lee, C., Meyer, B., Moorlag, A., & Swaim, R. (2012).  Emotional availability, attachment, and intervention in center-based child care for infants and toddlers, Development & Psychopathology, 24, 23–34.