Emotional Availability

“EA LONG”  (actually, only 4-6 weeks)

This is an intervention for emotional education, to enhance the emotional availability, mindfulness, and attachment in the parent-child relationship.  A step-by-step EA Instructor Manual is available, as well as a Parent Workbook (homework in between sessions). This program relies heavily on observed interactions, and uses video playback to provide feedback.  While preferred in a group format, the program can also be done individually.  Please ‘contact us’ for more information.


Baker, M., Biringen, Z., Schneider, A., & Meyer-Parsons, B. (2015). An emotional-availability-based tele-intervention for adoptive families, Infant Mental Health Journal, 36, 179-92.

Biringen, Z., Batten, R., Neelan, P., Altenhofen, S., Swaim, R., Bruce, A., Fetsch, R., Voitel, C., & Zachary, V. (2010).  Emotional availability (EA):  The assessment of and intervention for global parent-child relational quality, Journal of Experiential Psychotherapy, 49, 3-9.

Saunders, H.*, Kraus, A.*, Barone, L., & Biringen, Z. (2015).  Emotional availability: Theory, research, and intervention, Frontiers in Psychology, 6. 1069. special issue on “Parenthood from biology to relation. Prevention, assessment and interventions for developmental and clinical issues.” hosted by Dr(s) Alessandra Simonelli, Silvia Salcuni.

Barone, L., Saunders, H.*, & Biringen, Z. (2015).  Strumenti di valutazione e interventi di sostegno alla genitorialità (“Parenting: Assessment and intervention”).  In Furio Lambruschi & Francesca Lionetti (Eds.)  La disponibilità emotiva: razionale, strumenti di valutazione e introduzione all’intervento. Carocci, Rome.

“EA BRIEF” (a single session coaching model + information + texts)

The “EA Brief” is done in a group format of no more than 6-10 parents at one time (for the informational component on mindfulness, attachment, and emotional availability, also using ‘role model videos’ for teaching).  Then, a one-on-one parent coaching session is scheduled.  This one-on-one format can be done in person or via a distant modality such as Zoom.  This coaching model can also be done with a professional who works with children.  Please ‘contact us’ for more information.


McDonnell, M., Closson, L., Morse, B., Saunders, H., Sarche, M. & Biringen, Z. (Under review).  The “EA Brief”: An intervention to improve emotional attachment and emotional availability (EA).  Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 

Biringen, Z. & Easterbrooks, A.N. (2008).  Child care and relationshipsJournal of Early Childhood and Infant Psychology, Vol. 4.

Biringen, Z., Moorlag, A., Meyer, B., Wood, J., Aberle, J., Altenhofen, S., & Bennett, S. (2008).  The emotional availability (EA) intervention with child care professionalsJournal of Early Childhood and Infant Psychology, 4, 39-52.

Biringen, Z., Altenhofen, S., Aberle, J., Baker, M., Brosal, A., Bennett, S., Coker, E.,  Lee, C., Meyer, B., Moorlag, A., & Swaim, R. (2012).  Emotional availability, attachment, and intervention in center-based child care for infants and toddlers, Development & Psychopathology, 24, 23–34.